Bursitis and tendinitisJanuary 22, 2017
Bursitis is a condition caused by inflammation of the bursa that separates the superior surface of the supraspinatus tendon (one of the four tendons of the rotator cuff) from the overlying coraco-acromial ligament, acromion, coracoid (the acromial arch) and from the deep surface of the deltoid muscle. The subacromial bursa helps the motion of he supraspinatus tendon of the rotator cuff in activities such as overhead work. Rotator cuff disorders and musculosketetal are the most common source of shoulder pain.
Bursitis and tendinitis are both common conditions that cause swelling around muscles and bones. They occur most often in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee or ankle. Bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and other moving body parts such as muscles, tendons, or skin. Bursae are found throughout the body. Bursitis occurs when a bursa becomes swollen.
People get bursitis by overusing a joint, it can also be caused by direct trauma. Doing the same kinds of movements every day or putting stress on joints increases the risk for both conditions. People like carpenters, gardeners, musicians and athletes often get bursitis or tendinitis.
The focus of treatment is to heal the injured bursa or tendon. Reduce the pain and swelling with rest, tightly wrapping or elevating the affected area, taking anti inflammatory’s to reduce the inflammation. Ice may be helpful in severe injuries but is of little use in long term cases. Ice pack can be applied to the area for 15 to 20 minutes every 4 hours. Support equipment may be suggested elbow bands, brace for ankle or foot, a splint for the knee or hand.